Moscow is the capital of the Russian Federation. It is a federal city, the administrative, political, scientific, historical, architectural and business center of Russia, the largest city by population in Russia and Europe.
In this big city antiquity and modernity cross every now and then.
The first written mention of Moscow dates back to 1147. But there had been settlements on the site of today’s city much earlier – according to some historians nearly 5000 years ago.
Today Moscow has broad, straight avenues and spacious squares, boulevards and gardens, landscaped neighborhoods of new houses, numerous bridges and granite embankments of the Moscow River, highways, tunnels and flyovers, palaces and manor houses, schools and universities, parks and recreation areas, protected areas with carefully preserved cultural and historical monuments.
Despite the rapid growth and huge changes, Moscow has preserved its traditional unique features. These are its radial-circular layout, established at the end of the XVI century, the specific landscape of the city with its hilly terrain and steep curves of the Moscow River, the green areas among the city’s neighborhoods, the combination of wide roads and avenues with quiet alleys of the old city.
All sights of Moscow are not known even to the most patriotic Muscovite or art expert. The number of museums and monuments is simply huge, and a lifetime would not be enough to explore them all. Apart from that, there are numerous exhibitions of craftsmen and artists, world’s leading theaters and concert halls where the best singers, dancers, musicians and actors of the planet consider it an honour to perform.