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贝加尔湖的心脏(奥利洪岛)

贝加尔湖总容积23.6万亿立方米(2015年),最深处达1637米(2015年),是世界第一深湖、欧亚大陆最大的淡水湖。湖长636千米,平均宽48千米,面积为3.15万平方千米,由地层断裂陷落而成,湖面海拔455米,平均水深730米。

贝加尔湖中国古称北海,曾为中国北方部族主要活动地区,清朝曾短期控制该地,《尼布楚条约》后,将这块地区割让给沙皇俄国。贝加尔湖地区是伊尔库次克少数民族聚居地,其中以蒙古族的支系布力亚特人口居多。 贝加尔湖有色楞格河等336条大小河川注入,汇水面积为55.7万平方千米。叶尼塞河支流安加拉河由此流出,湖中有27个小岛,因未受第四纪冰川覆盖,湖中仍保留着第三纪的淡水动物,著名的有贝加尔海豹、凹目白鲑、奥木尔鱼、鲨鱼等。该湖是俄罗斯的重要渔场,对该地区气候有较大影响。

The deepest lake on the planet, more than a mile deep and with an area that is approximately equal to Belgium or the Netherlands. Spring water in the lake is so clear that each stone or other objects are visible at a depth of 40 m. From the early January to the early May Baikal is almost completely (except for a small area at the mouth of the Angara) covered with thick ice, which cracks due to severe frost with a sound resembling thunder or cannon shots, revealing the ice caves on the banks…

On the lake and around it there are many picturesque natural sites, monuments of history and archeology.

游览目的地:伊尔库茨克-塔利茨博物馆-利斯特维扬卡-奥利洪岛

会汉语向导配旅游

Tour destination: Irkutsk – Taltsy – Listvyanka – Olkhon

English speaking guide service during the whole tour!

Day 1: 天一

抵达伊尔库茨克。司机与导游接机。早餐。入住酒店后市容观光。伊尔库茨克包含大概700个历史与文化纪念碑,大部分比较有名的制造了过3城市350周年仪式。市观光从救世主教堂开始此教堂1661年成立下一个地点主显节大教堂,破烂教堂,永明火, 莫斯科大门。后来乘车往前兹纳缅斯基修道院叶卡捷琳娜特鲁别茨柯亚墓地流放十二月党人党员爱人。格里戈里舍利霍夫坟墓他是俄罗斯美国买卖公司创业者,他有名另外的一个名称“俄罗斯克里斯托弗·哥伦布”。教堂旁边有亚历山大高尔察克纪念碑。通过马克思大街乘车往前加加林大街可以看到亚历山大第三大帝. 莫雷斯克城堡。目前时伊尔库茨克历史博物馆。当地俄国西伯利亚议会楼(白宫楼)。

Upon arrival you will be met at the airport/railway station by our English-speaking guide. Then you will be offered breakfast.

Afterwards, you will be invited to take a city tour through historical part of Irkutsk. There are about 700 historical and cultural monuments in Irkutsk. The most interesting parts of the city were built by its 350 year anniversary. We will see most of them during our excursion.

We will start our tour from the Spasskaya Church – the place where the stockade town of Irkutsk was founded by Yakov Pokhabov in 1661. Then we’ll go on to the famous Epiphany Cathedral, the Polish Church, the Eternal flame and the Moscow gates. Later, we’ll move to the Znamenskiy Monastery– there you will also see the necropolis where Ekaterina Trubetskaya, a wife of the exiled Decembrist, is buried. The grave of Grigory Shelikhov, the founder of the Russian-American company also known as “the Russian Columbus”, is located here as well. Nearby the Monastery gates there is a monument to Alexander Kolchak.

Along Karl Marks Street we will move to Gagarin Avenue where you will see the monument to Alexander III which was erected to commemorate the construction of the Transsiberian Railroad. Also, the only Moresque Castle in Siberia – now home to the Local History Museum – is located there. Likewise, you will see the Belyi Dom (the White House) also referred to as Sibiryakov Palace: former residence of the merchant family Sibiryakovs and later Governor-General of Eastern Siberia.

Transfer to Listvyanka

利斯特维扬卡(Listvyanka)是俄罗斯贝加尔湖边的一个小镇,在伊尔库茨克旁边,要去贝加尔湖玩的大部分游客都会在这里乘船或者狗拉雪橇。
在这座小型村落中,可以看见贝加尔湖岸边渔民最纯真的生活方式。有一座小型的博物馆,是了解贝加尔海豹的最佳去处,贝加尔湖特有的鱼类也是博物馆展出的另一亮点。利斯特维扬卡不大,镇上只有2000多人口。紧靠湖边的大道称做“高尔基大街”,五个和湖岸垂直的山谷,是小镇居民住的地方,很多都是原汁原味的小木屋,每个山谷就是小镇的一条街,每个木屋也都有自己的门牌号。
塔利茨博物馆是俄国的民族文化的一个高度价值的遗产。始建于1966年。
当年是为了修建伊尔库茨克水库,许多地区将要被淹没,于是把一些俄罗斯传统木屋整体搬迁过来。 博物馆位于贝加尔湖边的道路之上,在贝加尔湖公路的 47 km处。它占地 67公顷,在自然保护区域内. 有超过 40个建筑物和 8,000 展品,具有高度的历史价值和文化价值。在这里展示的是俄罗斯人和布里亚特人居住和生活的真实写照。塔利茨博物馆这里的几乎所有的建筑都是原汁原味的木头建成的,古朴而醇厚。沿着建筑群一直往里走,你会发现,你已经来到了安加拉河的岸边,这里高低起伏,美丽异常。塔利茨代表贝加尔湖旁边几个民族物质和精神文化俄罗斯族,布里亚特族, 埃文基族。

Most travelers start the acquaintance with Baikal in Listvyanka village. This is the most popular holiday place at Baikal, it is 70 km from Irkutsk or a 1 hour car ride.

下一个站是观测区萨满(巫师)山岩石对面沿着建筑群一直往里走,你会发现,你已经来到了安加拉河的岸边,这里高低起伏,美丽异常。塔利茨代表贝加尔湖旁边几个民族物质和精神文化俄罗斯族,布里亚特族, 埃文基族。源出贝加尔期,先北流,后折旬西,注入叶尼皂河。长1,779公里。流域面积103.9万平方公里。主要支壳有伊尔库特河、基托伊河、奥卡河及伊利姆河。水力资源丰富,河口处年平均流量4,150秒公方。

On our way to Listvyanka we will visit the museum of wooden architecture Taltsy. It contains 40 history and architecture monuments and 8000 exhibits of great historic importance. The first wooden buildings of the museum were removed from the floodable zone of Ust-Ilimsk reservoir. The museum was founded in 1966. On 20th February 1995 the Russian Federation President issued a decree about making Museum Taltsy an object of national history and culture heritage. During the tour to Taltsy museum you`ll see 13 architecture complexes with 36 wooden buildings on the territory of the museum. They get the visitors acquainted with material and spiritual culture of Near-Baikal nationalities – Russians, Buryats, Evenks. The museum expositions tell about everyday life, customs and traditions of Near-Baikal nationalities in late 19th / early 20th century. Original and magnificent Siberian folk architecture attracts a special attention of tourists.

Stop at the observation area opposite the famous Shaman Stone. The Angara is 1779 km long and is the only river flowing out of Lake Baikal. Its source is the widest in the world, it does not freeze during the most severe Siberian winters (width – 863 m , maximum depth – 4.8 m, speed – 5.1 km/h). In the middle of the river, at its head, rises a rock cliff 1.5 m high  (Shaman-Stone) protected by the state as a natural relic mentioned in the legends of old times.

Visit to the Baikal Museum. The museum was established in 1928 when the Baikal Limnological Station opened in the village of Listvyanka (since 1961 – the Limnological Institute). Every year the Baikal Museum has more than 30,000 visitors. The unique exhibits tell about the origin and the history of the lake, its flora and fauna, geological structure, climate and tectonics of Prebaikalye.

You will see: collection of minerals;  exhibits found in scientific expeditions models of the lake bed showing its history, the peculiarities of its shoreline and bottom. And also Baikal fish (omul, golomyanka, kharius, sturgeon, taimen, pike); Microorganisms inhabiting Baikal waters and destroying everything that might pollute the lake.

访问贝加尔湖博物馆。博物馆成立日期1928年。从1961年动物研究所搬到利斯特维扬卡镇。每年过来这里旅游客人超过3万。独特陈列品解释旅客贝加尔湖历史, 动物群和植物群,地质构造,贝加尔湖边区气候与地质构造.

贵宾客人欢迎看到:矿物收藏, 发现科学考察队实物, 在科学考察中发现的展品, 湖模型显示其历史, 其湖岸线和底部的特殊性。另外贝加尔湖动物贝加尔茴鱼,加尔白鲑哲罗鲑, 鲟鱼, 梭子鱼。栖息在贝加尔湖水里的微生物,并摧毁能污染湖泊的一切。徒步游览通过Krestovka农村,访问当地圣尼古拉教堂。

Walking tour of Krestovka village with a visit to St. Nicholas’ Church. Legend has it that Russian merchant Serebriakov was caught in a storm out on the lake and prayed to St. Nicholas (Protector of Navigators) for help. His prayers were answered and on his safe return he began to build a church to thank the saint (in 1846). Unfinished when he died, the church was completed by the merchant’s wife. Located in Listvyanka village, the residents attend service held in the church. In the 1950-s the building was restored and many icons from other churches of Irkutsk were brought there among which are some rare items dating back to the 18th century.

Transfer to Irkutsk. You will be accommodated in the hotel (comfort double/twin rooms)

坐车往前伊尔库茨克。住宿酒店(标准房)

包含早餐

Meals included: breakfast

Day 2:天二

Breakfast at the hotel. 酒店吃早餐。

早餐后坐车往前奥利洪岛。

贝加尔湖的22个道中,奥利洪岛最大,长约71公里, 宽处有15公里,面积约为730平方公里。如果说贝加尔湖是西伯利亚的明珠,奥利洪岛就是这颗明珠的心脏。

奥利洪岛位置在贝加尔湖中心部位区,几乎超出了它的最深处(1637米),形状与湖面相似,奥利洪岛独特的多样化景观,典型的贝加尔湖岸。

该岛被认为是6-10世纪突厥 – 西伯利亚文化的中心,因为这里发现了许多考古文物,包括庇护所。

奥尔洪是湖泊的地理,历史和精神中心。 很多布里亚特的传说和故事都致力于那里的生活; 令人敬畏的贝加尔湖神话据说精神居住在此岛上。在20世纪末,布里亚特巫师认为奥尔洪是“蒙古和中亚文化的主要避难所以及布里亚特人的祖籍家园”。

After breakfast you will be transferred to Olkhon Island.

Olkhon – the largest island in Baikal and its heart – was given its name after the Buryat word “oy-khon” which stands for “small forest”. In fact, you can only see the forest in the central part of the island as the Northern and the Southern areas of Olkhon are steppe. Located in the central part of Baikal, almost above its deepest point (1637 m/5370 ft), and shaped similarly to the lake, Olkhon has a uniquely diverse landscape typical for the Baikal shores.

The island is considered to be the center of the Turkic-Siberian culture of the 6-10th centuries as many archeological artifacts, including sanctuaries, were discovered here.

Olkhon is a geographical, historical and spiritual center of the lake. A lot of Buryat legends and stories are devoted to life there; awe-inspiring Baikal spirits are said to reside on the island.

At the end of the 20th centuy, Buryat shamans recognized Olkhon as the “principal sanctuary of Mongol and Central-Asian cultures as well as the ancestral home to the Buryats”.

Rest time. Dinner.

休息时间。午餐。

住宿:旅游营地。

包含:早餐/午餐

Accommodation: at the tourist camp

Meals included: breakfast, dinner

Day 3: 天三

早餐后,徒步旅行往前布尔汗海(湖)岬此地有其他名沙曼卡石头。此地属于9个亚洲避难所之一。沙曼卡石头深受人们的尊敬。从第一萨满出现此地做为誓言和牺牲的地方。沙曼卡洞穴是岛上的主人。萨满(巫教逆祀)仪式在包尔汉洞穴的通道中举行。布里亚特民族喇嘛教被信仰后此地有佛像。

After breakfast you will be transferred to the Burkhan Cape (also known as the Shamanka stone), one of the nine sanctuaries of Asia. The Shamanka stone was greatly revered by people. Since the first Shamans appeared, it was the place for vows and sacrifices. The cave of Shamanka was home to the Master of the Island. Shaman ceremonies were held in the through passage of the Burkhan cave. After lama-isation of the Buryats, the statue of Buddha was placed there.

参观纪念品市场。

Visit of the souvenir market.

包含:早餐,午餐

Meals included: breakfast, dinner

Day 4:天四

旅游营地:早餐

Breakfast at the tourist camp

整天向导配徒步旅行往前到被部分-Khoboy 岬。岬位置在湖最宽地。此地有特位置所有萨满泰拉甘进行了。贝加尔海豹经常此地能被见到。往前岛北部路子像骑吉普车旅行,因为它穿过树林,沙地和草原没有任何坚硬的表面,下雨后道路变得更加糟糕,这就是为什么这些地方的主要交通工具是UAZ全行者。

奥利洪布里亚特语言表打晴朗。有人说贝加尔湖是西伯利亚心脏,奥利洪岛就是贝加尔湖心脏,地理,历史,神圣中心。

Whole-day guided group  tour to the northern point of the Island – Khoboy Cape.

The cape is located at the place, where the lake is widest. There is a ground, where all-Olkhon shaman festivities (“tailagans”) were conducted. Nerpa, the unique Baikal seal, can often be seen here.

Here you will also find the rock, bearing the same name, Khoboy, which means “claw” in the Buryat language, though the shape of the rock resembles rather a woman’s silhouette with a bust. No wonder they also call it a Maiden-Rock. Your guide will tell you a marvelous related  legend.

The road towards the northern tip of the island will be like riding a jeep-safari since it runs through woods, sandy fields and steppes without any hard surface. The road gets much worse after the rain, that’s why the principle transportation implies the use of the UAZ all-roaders.

Olkhon is the biggest Island at Lake Baikal. It is situated right in the middle of the lake.

The word Olkhon means “sunny place” in Buryat language. It was said that Baikal is the heart of Siberia, and Olkhon is the heart of Baikal. It is a geographical, historical and sacral center of the lake. 

Meals included: breakfast, dinner

包含:早餐,午餐。

Day 5:天五

旅游营地:早餐

空闲的日子.若愿意可参加游览需要附加费。

Breakfast at the tourist camp. Free day. You will be offered an excursion for additional charge.

This day you can visit local lore museum or book a day excursion to the Tashkiney valley + Sharanur lake: Tashkiney is one of the most beautiful valleys of Olkhon situated on the eastern side of the island on the shore of so called Big Sea (the part of the open Baikal). It is surrounded by picturesque hills. Sharanur is the only lake on the island situated in the forest. The word Sharanur means “yellow lake” in the Buryat language. The water of the lake is really yellowish, same as the plants around the lake. The lake is well known for its mineralized water which has curative qualities. The mud from the lake helps from different diseases, such as arthritis. The chemical composition of the water includes hydrogen sulphide.

You can also take a mini cruise to Ogoi Island. The Buddhist stupa of enlightenment was established on the island of Ogoi in 2005. Ogoi is situated in the middle of Maloye more (The small sea) and from the air it looks like the dancing goddess. The stupa is on the top of the island (512m) on the height of 50 m above Baikal level. Volunteers from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk, New York, London, Lisbon took part in the building of the stupa. Buddhists believe the more often you go around the sacred places (like stupa, Buddhist hills, sacred mountains) the more the possibility the made up wishes would come true. They also believe that if you go around the stupa 108 times it guarantees the cleansing of a sin. Our guide will tell you the details and peculiarities of visiting the stupa.

Meals included: breakfast, dinner

包含:早餐,午餐

Day 6:天六

早餐后,出发往前伊尔库茨克

入住酒店

包含:早餐,午餐

Breakfast, departure to Irkutsk

Accommodation at the hotel.

Meals included: breakfast, dinner

Day 7: 天七

早餐后出发往前机场

游览行程结束

包含:早餐

After breakfast you will be transferred to the airport.

The end of the tour.

Meals included: breakfast


Tour price includes:
A tour: Irkutsk-Listvyanka, guide service, museums entrance fees;
Transfer: Irkutsk-Olkhon-Irkutsk
Excursion to the Burkhan Cape, Khoboy Cape;
Accommodation in Irkutsk, accommodation on Olkhon Island (category you chose);
Meals in Irkutsk: breakfast, Meals on Olkhon: Breakfast, dinner.

此游览报价包含:

住宿:伊尔库茨克,奥利洪岛

餐:按照旅游行程(若没注明就自费),伊尔库茨克(早餐)奥利洪岛(早餐,午餐)

参观按照游览行程与博物馆门票

游览行程时候会中文向导

坐车:伊尔库茨克-奥利洪岛-伊尔库茨克

请注意:行程能被改变。

The tour price does not include:

Plane or train charges to Irkutsk from departure as well as plane or train charges to the next destination upon the program’s completion;
Meals, not listed in the program;
Dishes and drinks not included into the main menu according to the program;
• Additional services listed in the program but specified as at additional charge or not listed in the program;
• Higher category of accommodation / additional charge for the single accomodation.

Please note: The order of excursions can be changed.

游览行程报价不包含:

飞机票与火车票往伊尔库茨克,以及飞机或火车的费用行程完成后到下一个目的地

行程没注明的餐食

菜肴和饮料根据行程未包含在程序菜单中

有注明附加费或者行程没有注明服务与其他附加服务

更高级别的住宿/单人住宿的费用。

请注意:旅游行程(安排)程序的顺序可以改变。

Optional:

可选:贝加尔湖环湖小列车。(附加费)

要提前预订!

游览利斯特维扬卡小镇,奥利洪岛外,有“俄罗斯金刚”之称的贝加尔湖环湖小火车。小火车拥有很悠久的历史:贝尔加湖环湖铁路修建于十九世纪,在沙皇亚历山大三世主持下,引进了国外的先进技术,属于西伯利亚大铁路的一部分,也是沙皇俄国跨向现代化的象征。现在仅存一小段供游客乘坐体验。

乘坐环湖铁路,首先要搭船横贯安加拉河口。许多人,尤其是古代原住民,习惯将贝加尔湖叫做海,因为她实在太浩瀚无边了。铁路路基离湖岸如此之近,但不用担心发大水等状况,一百多年来,从来如此。安静而稳定地横卧在欧亚大陆的腹地。

这条道路长81公里,期间穿过38个隧道,经过47座桥梁和高架桥,280处挡土墙。这些看似简单的“构成”,展示了俄罗斯建筑工程的奇迹。如今,这些19世纪建造的建筑物、铁路至今仍在使用,几乎完整地保留了超过80%的道路基础设施(火车站、隧道、会让站),包括车站,沿线的水利设施,水塔,公寓等。鉴赏家们都这样认为,环贝加尔湖铁路——是西伯利亚最美丽、最有意义的地方。

附加费:伊尔库茨克住宿费

You can order the excursion along The Curcumbaikal Rail road by train for an additional day (extra charge). 

Please note: this tour is booked in advance!

The Circum Baikal Railroad also known as KBZhD (according to its Russian abbreviated form) was the part of the main Trans-Siberian railroad until the middle of the 20th century (before the Hydro Power Electric Station was built in Irkutsk and the part of this road got to the flooded area).
The railroad is truly unique historical line. It was built more than a hundred years ago, and is an outstanding landmark to the construction and engineering art.
There are a lot of beautifully constructed tunnels and bridges along the way, making Circum-Baikal a huge monument.
The railroad was supposed to be a continuation of the Trans-Siberian railway, and was very important for Russia strategically. That was the reason why such a complicated project ever started. The volume of earth-moving work done on every kilometer of the way was equal to 400 carriages that may be compared to the volume of work done during the Suez Channel construction. 424 engineer constructions were built along 84 kilometers-long stretch of the road from Khultuk to port Baikal including 39 tunnels with the total length of 8994 meters, 14 kilometers of supporting walls, 47 stone and 3 iron galleries.
The courage and the unique skills of the engineers and workers will amaze you, at the end of XIX century, the majority of the construction was carried out by hand and in severe weather conditions, both hot summers and extremely cold winters.
Nowadays, Circum-Baikal is a quiet picturesque route along the shore of Baikal. There are a few trains every week.
During excursion you`ll have several stops to visit galleries, tunnels, to walk in the forest. Lunch box will be served to you in the train. The train always goes on Baikal shore and you`ll have a possibility to admire beautiful landscapes of the lake. Arrival to Irkutsk railway station late in the evening.

Additional charge: Accommodation in Irkutsk

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