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多面的贝加尔湖

位于俄罗斯东西伯利亚南部,在布里亚特共和国伊尔库茨克州境内,介于北纬51°29′~55°46′,东经103°41′~109°57′之间,湖总容积23.6万亿立方米(2015年),最深处达1637米(2015年),是世界第一深湖、欧亚大陆最大的淡水湖。湖长636千米,平均宽48千米,面积为3.15万平方千米,由地层断裂陷落而成,湖面海拔455米,平均水深730米。贝加尔湖有色楞格河等336条大小河川注入,汇水面积为55.7万平方千米。叶尼塞河支流安加拉河由此流出,湖中有27个小岛,因未受第四纪冰川覆盖,湖中仍保留着第三纪的淡水动物,著名的有贝加尔海豹凹目白鲑奥木尔鱼鲨鱼等。该湖是俄罗斯的重要渔场,对该地区气候有较大影响。

25 million years old, 1637 m deep, 636 km long, 80 km wide Baikal is the deepest, oldest freshwater lake in the world.  It is one of the most amazing destinations in Russia. We invite you to visit our magnificent Baikal! According to the legend pagan spirits chose this place as their home. It seems that Baikal influences on people’s destinies.

Feel the wholeness of Baikal, forget about routine and visit the most mysterious place on the planet. You will immerse in the energy of the lake and communicate with nature.

贝加尔湖的寓意,《世界文化与自然遗产情景写真地图版》的解释是“富饶的湖泊”;《彩图版世界文化与自然遗产》则认为:当地的布里亚特人称之为“贝加尔—达拉伊”,意思是“天然之海”;而《世界奇景探胜录》的文字却是:“贝加尔”之名据说是大约1300年前住在这里的库里堪人起的,意思是“大量的水”。

此短时间游览贵宾客人欢迎访问最贝加尔湖有名的地方,欣赏利斯特维扬卡定居点,不可思议的山区风景,贝加尔湖还周边铁路20世纪代工程师奇迹,小海区, 

迷人的景色风景,奥利洪岛,合波角与包尔汉角.

行程抵达:伊尔库茨克-利斯特维扬卡-贝加尔湖环湖铁路-小海-奥利洪岛-伊尔库茨克

会中文向导全行程配合

For the short duration of the tour you will visit Baikal’s most popular places, feel its multiple sides, see Listvyanka settlement with its marvelous mountain landscapes covered with the forest, the CircumBaikal railway road – engineering miracle of the 20th century, the Small sea with mesmerizing views and Olkhon Island – powerful place and its Khoboy and Burkhan capes.

Tour destination: Irkutsk – Listvyanka – Circumbaikal railway road – Small Sea – Olkhon – Irkutsk

English speaking guide service during the whole tour!

Day 1:

第一天

抵达伊尔库茨克。司机与导游接机。早餐。入住酒店后市容观光。伊尔库茨克包含大概700个历史与文化纪念碑,大部分比较有名的制造了过3城市350周年仪式。市观光从救世主教堂开始此教堂1661年成立下一个地点主显节大教堂,破烂教堂,永明火, 莫斯科大门。后来乘车往前兹纳缅斯基修道院叶卡捷琳娜特鲁别茨柯亚墓地流放十二月党人党员爱人。格里戈里舍利霍夫坟墓他是俄罗斯美国买卖公司创业者,他有名另外的一个名称“俄罗斯克里斯托弗·哥伦布”。教堂旁边有亚历山大高尔察克纪念碑。

 

Upon arrival you will be met at the airport/railway station by our English-speaking guide. Then you will be offered a breakfast.

Afterwards, you will be invited to take a city tour through historical part of Irkutsk. There are about 700 historical and cultural monuments in Irkutsk. The most interesting parts of the city were built by its 350 year anniversary. We will see most of them during our excursion.

We will start our tour from the Spasskaya Church – the place where the stockade town of Irkutsk was founded by Yakov Pokhabov in 1661. Then we’ll go on to the famous Epiphany Cathedral, the Polish Church, the Eternal flame and the Moscow gates. Later, we’ll move to the Znamenskiy Monastery– there you will also see the necropolis where Ekaterina Trubetskaya, a wife of the exiled Decembrist, is buried. The grave of Grigory Shelikhov, the founder of the Russian-American company also known as “the Russian Columbus”, is located here as well. Nearby the Monastery gates there is a monument to Alexander Kolchak.

Along Karl Marks Street we will move to Gagarin Avenue where you will see the monument to Alexander III which was erected to commemorate the construction of the Transsiberian Railroad. Also, the only Moresque Castle in Siberia – now home to the Local History Museum – is located there. Likewise, you will see the Beliy Dom (the White House) also referred to as Sibiryakov Palace: former residence of the merchant family Sibiryakovs and later Governor-General of Eastern Siberia.

通过马克思大街乘车往前加加林大街可以看到亚历山大第三大帝. 莫雷斯克城堡。目前时伊尔库茨克历史博物馆。当地俄国西伯利亚议会楼(白宫楼)。

午餐后返回酒店自由时间。酒店晚餐。

Transfer to Listvyanka settlement.

Most travelers start the acquaintance with Baikal in Listvyanka village. This is the most popular holiday place at Baikal, it is 70 km or a 1-hour car ride away from Irkutsk.

On our way to Listvyanka we will visit the museum of wooden architecture Taltsy. It contains 40 historical and architectural monuments and 8000 exhibits of a great historic importance. The first wooden buildings of the museum were removed from the floodable zone of Ust-Ilimsk reservoir. The museum was founded in 1966. On 20th February 1995 the Russian Federation President issued a decree about making Museum Taltsy an object of national history and culture heritage. During the tour to Taltsy museum you`ll see 13 architecture complexes with 36 wooden buildings on the territory of the museum. They get the visitors acquainted with material and spiritual culture of Near-Baikal nationalities – Russians, Buryats, Evenks. The museum expositions tell about everyday life, customs and traditions of Near-Baikal nationalities in late 19th – early 20th century.

利斯特维扬卡(Listvyanka)是俄罗斯贝加尔湖边的一个小镇,在伊尔库茨克旁边,要去贝加尔湖玩的大部分游客都会在这里乘船或者狗拉雪橇。
在这座小型村落中,可以看见贝加尔湖岸边渔民最纯真的生活方式。有一座小型的博物馆,是了解贝加尔海豹的最佳去处,贝加尔湖特有的鱼类也是博物馆展出的另一亮点。利斯特维扬卡不大,镇上只有2000多人口。紧靠湖边的大道称做“高尔基大街”,五个和湖岸垂直的山谷,是小镇居民住的地方,很多都是原汁原味的小木屋,每个山谷就是小镇的一条街,每个木屋也都有自己的门牌号。
塔利茨博物馆是俄国的民族文化的一个高度价值的遗产。始建于1966年。
当年是为了修建伊尔库茨克水库,许多地区将要被淹没,于是把一些俄罗斯传统木屋整体搬迁过来。 博物馆位于贝加尔湖边的道路之上,在贝加尔湖公路的 47 km处。它占地 67公顷,在自然保护区域内. 有超过 40个建筑物和 8,000 展品,具有高度的历史价值和文化价值。在这里展示的是俄罗斯人和布里亚特人居住和生活的真实写照。塔利茨博物馆这里的几乎所有的建筑都是原汁原味的木头建成的,古朴而醇厚。沿着建筑群一直往里走,你会发现,你已经来到了安加拉河的岸边,这里高低起伏,美丽异常。塔利茨代表贝加尔湖旁边几个民族物质和精神文化俄罗斯族,布里亚特族, 埃文基族。

Stop at the observation area opposite the famous Shaman Stone. The Angara is 1779 km long and is the only river flowing out of Lake Baikal. Its source is the widest in the world, it does not freeze during the most severe Siberian winters (width – 863 m , maximum depth – 4.8 m, speed – 5.1 km/h). In the middle of the river, at its head, rises a rock cliff 1.5 m high protected by the state as a natural relic mentioned in the legends of old times.

停车在游览点有名巫师山岩石头对面。安加拉河游称上通古斯卡河。源出贝加尔期,先北流,后折旬西,注入叶尼皂河。长1,779公里。流域面积103.9万平方公里。主要支壳有伊尔库特河、基托伊河、奥卡河及伊利姆河。水力资源丰富,河口处年平均流量4,150秒公方。

Visit to the Baikal Museum. The museum was established in 1928 when the Baikal Limnological Station opened in the village of Listvyanka (since 1961 – the Limnological Institute). Every year the Baikal Museum has more than 30,000 visitors. The unique exhibits tell about the origin and the history of the lake, its flora and fauna, geological structure, climate and tectonics of Prebaikalye.

访问贝加尔湖博物馆。博物馆成立日期1928年。从1961年动物研究所搬到利斯特维扬卡镇。每年过来这里旅游客人超过3万。独特陈列品解释旅客贝加尔湖历史, 动物群和植物群,地质构造,贝加尔湖边区气候与地质构造.

You will see: collection of minerals;  exhibits found in scientific expeditions, models of the lake bed showing its history, the peculiarities of its shoreline and bottom. And also Baikal fish (omul, golomyanka, kharius, sturgeon, taimen, pike); Microorganisms inhabiting Baikal waters and destroying everything that might pollute the lake.

贵宾客人欢迎看到:矿物收藏, 发现科学考察队实物, 在科学考察中发现的展品, 湖模型显示其历史, 其湖岸线和底部的特殊性。另外贝加尔湖动物贝加尔茴鱼,加尔白鲑哲罗鲑, 鲟鱼, 梭子鱼。栖息在贝加尔湖水里的微生物,并摧毁能污染湖泊的一切。徒步游览通过Krestovka农村,访问当地圣尼古拉教堂。

之后,您将入住酒店(舒适的双人/双床间)

包含:早餐与午餐

Walking tour along Krestovka village, visit of the St. Nicholas’ Church. According to the legend, Russian merchant Serebriakov was caught in a storm out on the lake and prayed to St. Nicholas (Protector of Navigators) for help. His prayers were answered and on his safe return he began to build a church to thank the saint (in 1846). Unfinished when he died, the church was completed by the merchant’s wife. Located in Listvyanka village, the residents attend service held in the church. In the 1950-s the building was restored and many icons from other churches of Irkutsk were brought there among which are some rare items dating back to the 18th century.

Afterwards, you will be accommodated at the hotel (comfortable double/twin rooms)

Meals included: breakfast, dinner

Day 2:

第二天

酒店早餐。上惸7点半向火车站出发。之后往前贝加尔湖港口村登上火车 开始参观 贝加尔湖环湖小列车。午餐后继续参观。晚餐后返回酒店。下午22点钟送酒店休息。

After breakfast you will be transferred to the pier to take the ferry and go to the village “Port Baikal”. Arrival at Port Baikal village. Boarding in the train. Departure for a full day excursion by Circumbaikal rail road.

The Circum Baikal Railroad also known as KBZhD (according to its Russian abbreviated form) was the part of the main Trans-Siberian railroad until the middle of the 20th century (before the Hydro Power Electric Station was built in Irkutsk and the part of this road got to the flooded area).

The railroad is truly unique historical line. It was built more than a hundred years ago, and is an outstanding landmark to the construction and engineering art.

Arrival in the city. Transfer to the hotel. 

Meals included: breakfast, lunch box

Please note: The excursion can be replaced with a boat trip.

Day 3:

第三天

酒店早餐。我们旅游前往Maloye海。(小海)。此有名地方在呗加尔胡。温暖的小溪和海湾,古老的岩石和沙滩其地作为独特的动物群,创造文明出外的行路,带来难忘的回忆。旅行营地的住宿(厕所和淋浴在外面)

休息后您将被邀请参加Maloye海沿岸的徒步旅行。

额外收费的舒适住宿(厕所和淋浴在里面)40欧元/每人天

餐点包括:早餐,午餐,晚餐

After breakfast, we will travel to the Maloye Sea.

The Maloye Sea is one of the famous places near Baikal. Warm creeks and bays, ancient rocks and sandy beaches as well as unique fauna of the Tazheran steppe create the way-out of civilization and bring unforgettable memories.

Accommodation at the tourist camp (toilet and shower are outside)

After the rest and dinner you will be invited to a hiking tour along the Maloye Sea.

Additional charge for a comfortable accommodation (toilet and shower are inside) – 40/day per person.

Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner

Day 4:

第四天

乘车前往奥利洪岛。午餐。贝加尔湖的22个道中,奥利洪岛最大,长约71公里, 宽处有15公里,面积约为730平方公里。如果说贝加尔湖是西伯利亚的明珠,奥利洪岛就是这颗明珠的心脏。以后入住酒店进晚餐。

早餐后前往奥利洪岛最北端的-合波角。奥利洪岛位置在贝加尔湖中心部位区,几乎超出了它的最深处(1637米),形状与湖面相似,奥利洪岛独特的多样化景观,典型的贝加尔湖岸。

该岛被认为是6-10世纪突厥 – 西伯利亚文化的中心,因为这里发现了许多考古文物,包括庇护所。

奥尔洪是湖泊的地理,历史和精神中心。 很多布里亚特的传说和故事都致力于那里的生活; 令人敬畏的贝加尔湖神话据说精神居住在此岛上。在20世纪末,布里亚特巫师认为奥尔洪是“蒙古和中亚文化的主要避难所以及布里亚特人的祖籍家园”。

我们从旅行营地出发往奥利洪岛桡船. 奥利洪岛入口溪流8公里宽1公里长把此岛与大陆隔开。晚一点我们看得出来扎格利湾,此地一年晴天数量比正常伊尔库茨克州超过两倍。

“马头”海(湖)角,象某匹马把头放进去湖里喝水。

After breakfast you will be offered a one day tour to Olkhon Island.

Olkhon – the largest island in Baikal and its heart – was given its name after the Buryat word “oy-khon” which stands for “small forest”. In fact, you can only see the forest in the central part of the island as the Northern and the Southern areas of Olkhon are steppe. Located in the central part of Baikal, almost above its deepest point (1637 m/5370 ft), and shaped similarly to the lake, Olkhon has a uniquely diverse landscape typical for the Baikal shores.

The island is considered to be the center of the Turkic-Siberian culture of the 6-10th centuries as many archeological artifacts, including sanctuaries, were discovered here.

Olkhon is a geographical, historical and spiritual center of the lake. A lot of Buryat legends and stories are devoted to life there; awe-inspiring Baikal spirits are said to reside on the island. At the end of the 20th centuy, Buryat shamans recognized Olkhon as the “principal sanctuary of Mongol and Central-Asian cultures as well as the ancestral home to the Buryats”.

We depart from the tourist camp and go by ferry to the Olkhon Island. The Olkhon gates stream – 8 km long and 1 km wide – separates the island from the mainland. Later on, we will see the Zagli bay – it is the sunniest place in Irkutsk region where the quantity of the sunny days amounts to 2200 hours a year which is 3 times more than in Irkutsk region average.

The Kobylya Golova Cape (The horse head Cape) resembles the head of the horse as it was drinking water from Baikal. According to the legend, Genghis Khan’s army stopped by that cape to have rest.

The Khorgoy Cape is the highest point of the Khaday Mountains. It is from there you can see the picturesque view of the Southern part of the island. When walking on the Obo pass, you can drop the coin for the fortune.

Finally, we reach the signature spot of Baikal – the Burkhan Cape (also known as the Shamanka stone), one of the nine sanctuaries of Asia.  The Shamanka stone was greatly revered by people. Since the first Shamans appeared, it was the place for vows and sacrifices. The cave of Shamanka was home to the Master of the Island. Shaman ceremonies were held in the through passage of the Burkhan cave. After lamaization of the Buryats, the statue of Buddha was placed there.

到底我们抵达布尔汗海(湖)角此地有其他名沙曼卡石头,此地属于9个亚洲避难所之一。沙曼卡石头深受人们的尊敬。从第一萨满出现此地做为誓言和牺牲的地方。沙曼卡洞穴是岛上的主人。萨满(巫教逆祀)仪式在包尔汉洞穴的通道中举行。布里亚特民族喇嘛教被信仰后此地有佛像。

布尔汗海(湖)角与Kharantsy村有Saray湖滩松树林被包围。下一步贵宾客人欢迎欣赏Shunte角。Shunte布里亚特语言是落叶松意义。角名称出来应为此地方它的海岸上有很多厚厚的树林。

这一天 我们可以尽情地欣赏奥利洪岛的美景(沿途经过 哈兰茨,三色水,三兄弟山,合波角,男孩山和女孩山),观赏小木屋,人脸山,鳄鱼岛、村落、怪松林、美丽的红岩石。贝加尔湖特有的淡水海豹有时也会出没于这里,如果我们能在此见到野生海豹那绝对是一件幸事。

返回旅游营地。

午餐在大自然中野餐,品尝贝加尔湖鱼汤!休息。

Between the Burkhan Cape and the settlement of Kharantsy, surrounded by the pine forest, there is a wonderful Saray beach.

Afterwards, you will see another beautiful place – Shunte cape. Shunte in the buryat language means the larch. The cape gets its name because there is a lot of thick fir forest on its shores.

Returning to the tourist camp.

Meals included: breakfast, lunch, dinner

Day 5:

第五天

酒店旅游营地早餐。自由日。晚上您完回来伊尔库茨克。

包含早餐。

送机场/火车站。

Breakfast at the tourist camp. Free day. In the evening you will be transferred to Irkutsk.

Meals included: breakfast


The tour price includes:

• Accommodation in Irkutsk, Listvyanka, Olkhon Island;
Meals according to the program (if not specified as at own expense);
All the transfers along the route;
• Excursions according to the tour program and museums entrance fees, Circum Baikal railway road fee, hiking tour
;
• Guide service during the whole tour
.

此游览报价包含:

住宿:伊尔库茨克,利斯特维扬卡,奥利洪岛

餐:按照旅游行程(若没注明就自费)

所有转移按照行程

参观按照游览行程与博物馆门票

贝加尔湖火车环路票,徒步旅行

游览行程时候会中文向导

The tour price does not include:

Plane or train charges to Irkutsk from departure as well as plane or train charges to the next destination upon the program’s completion;
Meals, not listed in the program;
Dishes and drinks not included into the main menu according to the program;
• Additional services listed in the program but specified as at additional charge or not listed in the program;
• Higher category of accommodation / additional charge for the single accomodation.

游览行程报价不包含:

飞机票与火车票往伊尔库茨克,以及飞机或火车的费用行程完成后到下一个目的地

行程没注明的餐食

菜肴和饮料根据行程未包含在程序菜单中

有注明附加费或者行程没有注明服务与其他附加服务

更高级别的住宿/单人住宿的费用。

Please note: The order of excursions can be changed.

请注意:旅游行程(安排)程序的顺序可以改变。

你的行程的地图

OTHER PROGRAMS

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