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莫斯科+金环+圣彼得堡

The Golden Ring is a cradle of Russian culture. The cities in the Golden Ring are Sergiyev Posad, Pereslavl-Zalesskiy, Vladimir, Rostov Velikiy, Uglich, Alexandrov, Gus-Khrustalny, Ivanovo, Yaroslavl, Kostroma, Rybinsk and Suzdal. Nowadays the towns are called “open air museums” comprising the real masterpieces located in authentically picturesque nature.

金环是俄罗斯文化摇篮。谢尔盖耶夫镇,佩列斯拉夫尔-扎列斯基, 弗拉基米尔, 大罗斯托夫,乌格利奇,亚历山德罗夫, 古西赫鲁斯塔利内, 伊凡诺沃, 雅罗斯拉夫尔,科斯特罗马,雷宾斯克与苏兹达里都金环市。目前我们叫此城市在露天里博物馆。此地包含确实如画自然与巧妙杰作。

金环旅游让贵宾客人研究俄国古代建筑物生活史,优秀形式和装饰。欣赏白石头砌筑水泥古迹,百年橡树敷设原木。试一试俄罗斯餐烹调按传统做法。可能贵宾客人会见到考历史重建, 参观不同几个博物馆与传统手艺创作室,听见教堂钟将将,干梆戏其他地方听不到的。

Travel along the Golden Ring to see and experience the living history, admire the strict forms and ornaments of the ancient Russian architecture , feel the antiquity of the white stone masonry or the warmth of centenarian oaks laid in logs; to taste Russian dishes prepared in the traditional way, watch or even participate in historical reconstructions, wander through Levitan’s Ples, see numerous museums and workshops of traditional crafts, listen to church chants and folk songs that cannot be heard anywhere else…

Day 1 天一

抵达莫斯科。接送到酒店。晚上闲暇。过一夜。

Arrival to Moscow. Assisted transfer to the hotel and check-in. Evening at leisure. Overnight.

Day 2天二

酒店里自助餐。莫斯科市容观光。

红场,西堂, 大剧院,克里姆林宫堤坝路,基督救世主主教座堂, 麻雀山,莫斯科大学楼,特维尔,莫霍瓦亚大街。

下午游览莫斯科克里姆林宫(内区域,教堂)。位于莫斯科中心筑城工事做为俄罗斯几百年历史主体地位。目前是俄罗斯总统公馆。这是俄罗斯最有名的博物馆。5座最大的城门塔楼和箭楼装上了红宝石五角星,这就是人们所说的克里姆林宫红星。每一座建筑都蕴含着俄罗斯人民无与伦比的智慧,是世界建筑史上不可多得的杰作。宫内保存有俄国铸造艺术的杰作:重达40 吨的“炮王”和200 吨的“钟王”。克里姆林宫由此成为俄罗斯备受珍视的文化遗产。

回到酒店。过一夜。

Breakfast at the hotel. Moscow city tour including all major sights of Russian capital such as Red Square and St. Basil’s Cathedral, Bolshoi Theater, Kremlin Embankment, Christ the Saviour Cathedral, Sparrow Hills and Moscow State University, Tverskaya and Mokhovaya Streets. 

In the afternoon – visit of the Moscow Kremlin (with its territory and cathedrals), a historic fortified complex at the heart of Moscow that has played a dominant role in Russian life for over eight hundred years. Nowadays the complex serves as the official residence of the president of the Russian Federation. It had previously been used to refer to the government of the Soviet Union (1922-1991). It’s the most known museum of Russia and includes five places, four cathedrals and enclosing Kremlin wall with Kremlin towers.

Return to the hotel. Overnight.

Day 3天三

酒店自助餐。退房。

开始金环旅游项目。乘车往前谢尔盖耶夫镇。谢尔盖耶夫真是谢尔盖圣三一修道院旁边的真,谢尔盖三圣大修道院是俄罗斯著名最古老的大修道院之一属于圣地。俄罗斯的与许多国家的朝圣来这里此地做为一项具有重大的道德或灵性意义的旅程或探寻。通常,它是去一个人信仰的圣地或其它重要地点的旅程。许多宗教认为特定地方有灵性重要性。 谢尔盖耶夫镇又名为扎戈尔斯克莫斯科的卫星城市之一,位于市区东北70公里处。1337年一个名叫谢尔盖·拉多涅日斯基的僧侣在莫斯科近郊谢尔盖耶夫(即今扎戈尔斯克)的偏僻森林里建立一座三圣小教堂和小道房,为该修道院的前身。修道院石墙高达15米,成为莫斯科北方重要防御据点。它拥有几个世纪以来、历经各个朝代改建和扩建的各种形式的教堂和附属建筑群。包括三圣教堂、杜霍夫斯基降灵教堂、圣母升天教堂,教皇宫殿斯摩棱斯克教堂(1748年),以及斋房、钟楼、慈善医院等。其中最著名的三圣教堂建于1423-1442年,是俄罗斯早期白石建筑艺术典范。在这里可以看到以画《三位一体》而出名的俄罗斯画家安德烈·鲁布廖夫的壁画作品等。他的作品《三位一体》本在此教堂收藏,现在收藏于莫斯科的特列季亚科夫画廊。三圣大教堂的旁边,是建于1477年的杜霍夫斯基教堂。

下午乘车往前苏兹达里。入住酒店。晚上闲暇时间。晚餐。过一夜。

Breakfast at the hotel. Check-out.

Beginning a trip along the Golden Ring. Transfer to Sergiev Posad. Sergiev Posad is the town around the Trinity Monastery of St.Sergius (Troitse-Sergieva Lavra), one of Russia’s most important religious and historical landmarks and a place of both spiritual and nationalist pilgrimage. It is 70 km from the edge of Moscow on the Yaroslavl road. The Monastery was founded in about 1340 by Sergius of Radonezh, a monk who wielded enough moral authority to unite the country against Mongol Tatar. Trinity Cathedral (Troitsky sobor), built in the 1420s, is a heart of the monastery and in its way the heart of Russian Orthodoxy. Most of the icons are by the great medieval painter Andrey Rublyov.

In the afternoon – transfer to Suzdal. Check-in on arrival. Evening at leisure. Dinner. Overnight.

Day 4 天四

酒店里早餐。

苏兹达里是一座历史博物馆城市,多名胜古迹,被列为世界遗产。城内拥有50多座教堂、5座修道院。当地的农民,僧侣、工匠根据俄罗斯童话中的描述,在田野上建造起第一批白色砖瓦建筑。这些风格独具的农舍、宗教寺院为今天苏兹达里奇特的建筑奠定了基础。苏兹达里也有她的克里姆林宫,木造建筑博物馆,叶夫菲米救主修道院, 圣母修道院。后来转道弗拉迪米尔市。欣赏古迹以圣母升天教堂、德米特罗夫教堂、金门等十二世纪建筑著名。乘车返回莫斯科。入住酒店。过一夜。

 

Breakfast at the hotel.

Visit of the most significant Suzdal sights such as Kremlin, Wooden architecture museum, Saviour Monastery of St. Euthymius and Nativity cathedral. Transportation to Vladimir, one more magnificent city of the Golden Ring. Visit of the Assumption Cathedral which used to be a mother church of medieval Russia. Return to Moscow. Accommodation at the hotel. Overnight.

Day 5 天五

酒店里自助早餐。

欣赏莫斯科地铁最完美地铁站,阿尔巴特步行街。送到机场或者火车站。到达圣彼得堡遇见向导。乘车往前酒店,住宿酒店,酒店过一夜。

Breakfast at the hotel. Visit of the most famous Moscow underground stations and Arbat street which is situated in the centre of the city. Transportation to the railway station or airport. Arrival, meeting with St.Petersburg tour guide. Transportation to the hotel, accommodation and overnight at the hotel.

Day 6天六

酒店自助早餐。圣彼得堡市容观光。

彼得保罗要塞坐落在圣彼得堡市中心涅瓦河右岸. 欢迎贵宾客人坐车通过涅瓦大街,到达城市中心,瓦西里耶夫岛沙嘴,参议院广场,  伊萨基辅广场, 艺术广场,俄罗斯博物馆,两个伟大的教堂,滴血大教堂,圣尼古拉教堂.

下午向导会配合贵宾客人过去埃尔米塔什博物馆。艾尔米塔什博物馆是世界四大博物馆之一。该馆最早是叶卡捷琳娜二世女皇的私人宫邸。新艾尔米塔什形成了一个总面积达一百三十万平米的古建筑群,与其中从石器时代直至当代的近三百万件珍贵收藏品一起组成了世界五大博物馆之一的国立艾尔米塔什博物馆

回酒店过一夜。

Breakfast at the hotel.

Saint Petersburg city tour. Your tour will cover all of the highlights of the city, we will drive along the Nevsky avenue – the heart of the city and make picture stops at the Spit of the Basil Island, the Senates Square and the St. Isaac’s Cathedral, the Art Square and the Russian museum as well we at the two magnificent churches: Our Savior of the Spilt Blood & the Nikolsky Cathedral.

In the afternoon our guide will take you to visit the Hermitage Museum – the magnificent collection of art housed in the winter palace of Catherine the Great. This is one of the oldest and the largest museums in the world, founded in 1764; its collection includes over 3 million exhibits from prehistoric to modern times. Especially important are the collections of prehistoric exhibits, Egyptian art, Roman and Greek art, Scythian gold and Western European paintings and sculptures.

Overnight at the hotel.

Day 7 天七

酒店里自助餐。

乘车往前普希金城市。夏宫市沙皇村中心。沙皇村公园有十八至十九世纪的壮丽建筑群。贵宾会有感觉俄罗斯沙皇玩玩娱乐环境公园。比较难接受宫殿里面大部分能看到的装饰是几年前搞完修复包括琥珀宫。目前全世界旅客过来访问普希金市为了欣赏神奇公园与叶卡捷琳娜宫殿。

或者

贵宾客人访问彼得夏宫

彼得宫(Summer Palace Of Peter)又称夏宫,曾经是彼得大帝的避暑行宫。这里宽阔的草坪、花园、拥有相当多的喷泉与镀金雕像,是夏宫花园的最大特色。150个喷泉的2000多个喷柱,不停地向蓝天喷放出水柱,形成瀑布和千姿百态的造型,令人目不暇接,还有幽静、高大的森林,更使人流连忘返。由于建筑豪华壮丽,夏宫被人们誉为“俄罗斯的凡尔赛宫”,成为世界各地游客来圣彼得堡的必游之地。

建造这座宫殿,集中了当时法国、意大利为代表的全世界优秀建筑师、工匠。彼得大帝也亲自积极地参加到工程筹划之中,并做了一些指示。今天保留下来的由他亲自设计的规划图纸等达十几幅之多。

彼得宫坐落于市郊西面的芬兰湾南岸,占地800公顷,是沙皇的夏宫。18世纪初,俄国沙皇彼得大帝下令兴建夏宫,其外貌简朴庄重,内部装饰华贵。当时的许多大型舞会、宫廷庆典等活动都在这里举行,彼得大帝生前每年必来此度夏。夏宫的主要代表性建筑是一座双层楼的宫殿,当年彼得大帝住在一楼,他的妻子叶卡捷琳娜一世住在二楼。1934年以后,夏宫辟为民俗史博物馆。在富丽豪华的花园中,有各种布局巧妙的喷泉和金像,有的喷泉还会戏弄人,若不慎踏中机关,水柱便由四面八方喷来,其乐无穷。彼得宫被誉为“俄罗斯的凡尔赛宫”.

整个夏宫可以分成上半宫殿区和下半园林区,而后者比前者更值得花时间游览,因为彼得大帝为了加强消暑效果,特意在园内装设了大大小小奇趣壮观的喷泉。紧挨着皇宫平台的斜坡上,便有一座巨型喷泉,数不清的水柱从二十多个“铜人”里激射而出,在艳阳下,水花的晶莹和雕像的金光相互辉映,非凡的气势令人看得目瞪口呆。

晚上酒店休息。酒店过一夜。

Breakfast at the hotel.

Visit to the Pushkin Palace and Park. The Summer Palace is the heart of Tsarskoe Selo (Tsar’s Village) – one of the most picturesque parks among the former residences of the Russian Emperors. Here you may touch the atmosphere of the Royal way of life in all its splendor. It is hard to believe but almost everything inside the palace is a result of a careful restoration which had been finished just 8 years ago when works on the legendary Amber Room were finally finished after the mysterious disappearance during the World War II. Today tourists from all over the world come to the Pushkin to see the marvelous park and the Catherine’s Palace.

OR

Visit to the Peterhof (The official opening of the fountains at Peterhof is on May 16th 2015).

Located on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland, the spectacular Peterhof attracts thousands of tourists with its parks, palaces and, of course, fountains. Among the suburban parks Peterhof is probably the most famous for its fountains and thus it is frequently compared with Versailles. ‘The Samson’ of the Grand Cascade is the most powerful and magnificent among the fountains of Peterhof therefore it is a symbol of the park. As a former residence of the Emperors, Peterhof is also the home of several palaces with the Grand Palace as its main landmark. It had been destroyed by the Nazis and than was carefully restored to demonstrate the splendor of the Royal way of life. You’ll see the halls, brightly decorated with gold, marble and numerous mirrors. The beauty of Peterhof, its marvelous fountains and palaces has left nobody indifferent and neither would be you. Visit to the Grand Palace and the Lower Park. Return to the hotel.

Evening at leisure. Overnight.

Day 8 天八

酒店里自助餐。退房。送到机场或者火车站。

Breakfast at the hotel. Check out. Departure transfer to airport or railway station.

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