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贝加尔湖一颗明珠

25 million years old, 1637 m deep, 636 km long, 80 km wide Baikal is the deepest, oldest freshwater lake in the world.  It is one of the most amazing destinations in Russia. We invite you to visit our magnificent Baikal! During this tour you will see one of the most popular places of Baikal – so called Maloe More (The Strait of Small Sea), and the energy and geographical center of the lake – Olkhon Island.

Tour destination:  Irkutsk – TaltsyListvyanka – Small sea – Olkhon (Burkhan, Khoboy) – Irkutsk.

English speaking guide service during the whole tour!

贝加尔湖(俄语:Озеро Байкал,英语:Lake Baikal),位于俄罗斯东西伯利亚南部,在布里亚特共和国伊尔库茨克州境内,介于北纬51°29′~55°46′,东经103°41′~109°57′之间,湖总容积23.6万亿立方米(2015年),最深处达1637米(2015年),是世界第一深湖、欧亚大陆最大的淡水湖。湖长636千米,平均宽48千米,面积为3.15万平方千米,由地层断裂陷落而成,湖面海拔455米,平均水深730米。
贝加尔湖中国古称北海,曾为中国北方部族主要活动地区,清朝曾短期控制该地,《尼布楚条约》后,将这块地区割让给沙皇俄国。贝加尔湖地区是伊尔库次克少数民族聚居地,其中以蒙古族的支系布力亚特人口居多。 [1-2] 
贝加尔湖有色楞格河等336条大小河川注入,汇水面积为55.7万平方千米。叶尼塞河支流安加拉河由此流出,湖中有27个小岛,因未受第四纪冰川覆盖,湖中仍保留着第三纪的淡水动物,著名的有贝加尔海豹凹目白鲑奥木尔鱼鲨鱼等。该湖是俄罗斯的重要渔场,对该地区气候有较大影响。
 

约2500万年前印度板块欧亚板块相互碰撞后的强烈地震,湖盆形成于2000~2500万年前。前苏联科学家维列夏金根据古生物和地质方面的材料推测,中生代侏罗纪时的贝加尔湖以东地区,曾有过一个浩瀚的外贝加尔海。后来由于地壳变动,留下了内陆湖泊-贝加尔湖。随着雨水、河水的不断加入,咸水变淡。

 

 Day 1: Irkutsk – Taltsy – Listvyanka

After arrival – meeting at the airport with our English-speaking guide, breakfast and the city tour through historical part of Irkutsk.

Irkutsk is included into the number of historical cities preserving their old planning and buildings. There are about 685 historical and cultural monuments in Irkutsk, 108 of them are monuments of national importance.

The city of Irkutsk was founded by Russians in 1661 – at the beginning of the colonization of Siberia and became a political, economic and cultural center of Siberia.

Nowadays there are more than 600 monuments of history and culture in Irkutsk, and you will see the most interesting of them, such as: Spasskaya Church, the Epiphany Cathedral, the Roman Catholic Church, the monument to Alexander III, the monument to Kolchak, Znamenskiy (the Omen) Convent, the Monument to G.I.Shelikhov and etc.

第一天

抵达伊尔库茨克。司机与导游接机。早餐。入住酒店后市容观光。伊尔库茨克包含大概700个历史与文化纪念碑,大部分比较有名的制造了过3城市350周年仪式。市观光从救世主教堂开始此教堂1661年成立下一个地点主显节大教堂,破烂教堂,永明火, 莫斯科大门。后来乘车往前兹纳缅斯基修道院叶卡捷琳娜特鲁别茨柯亚墓地流放十二月党人党员爱人。格里戈里舍利霍夫坟墓他是俄罗斯美国买卖公司创业者,他有名另外的一个名称“俄罗斯克里斯托弗·哥伦布”。教堂旁边有亚历山大高尔察克纪念碑。

Transfer to Listvyanka

Most travelers start the acquaintance with Baikal in Listvyanka village. This is the most popular holiday place at Baikal, it is 70 km from Irkutsk or a 1 hour car ride.

On our way to Listvyanka we will visit the museum of wooden architecture Taltsy. It contains 40 historical and architectural monuments and 8000 exhibits of a great historic importance. The first wooden buildings of the museum were removed from the floodable zone of Ust-Ilimsk reservoir. The museum was founded in 1966. On 20th February 1995 the Russian Federation President issued a decree about making Museum Taltsy an object of national history and culture heritage. During the tour to Taltsy museum you`ll see 13 architecture complexes with 36 wooden buildings on the territory of the museum. They get the visitors acquainted with material and spiritual culture of Near-Baikal nationalities – Russians, Buryats, Evenks. The museum expositions tell about everyday life, customs and traditions of Near-Baikal nationalities in late 19th – early 20th century. Original and magnificent Siberian folk architecture attracts a special attention of tourists.

利斯特维扬卡(Listvyanka)是俄罗斯贝加尔湖边的一个小镇,在伊尔库茨克旁边,要去贝加尔湖玩的大部分游客都会在这里乘船或者狗拉雪橇。
在这座小型村落中,可以看见贝加尔湖岸边渔民最纯真的生活方式。有一座小型的博物馆,是了解贝加尔海豹的最佳去处,贝加尔湖特有的鱼类也是博物馆展出的另一亮点。利斯特维扬卡不大,镇上只有2000多人口。紧靠湖边的大道称做“高尔基大街”,五个和湖岸垂直的山谷,是小镇居民住的地方,很多都是原汁原味的小木屋,每个山谷就是小镇的一条街,每个木屋也都有自己的门牌号。
塔利茨博物馆是俄国的民族文化的一个高度价值的遗产。始建于1966年。
当年是为了修建伊尔库茨克水库,许多地区将要被淹没,于是把一些俄罗斯传统木屋整体搬迁过来。 博物馆位于贝加尔湖边的道路之上,在贝加尔湖公路的 47 km处。它占地 67公顷,在自然保护区域内. 有超过 40个建筑物和 8,000 展品,具有高度的历史价值和文化价值。在这里展示的是俄罗斯人和布里亚特人居住和生活的真实写照。塔利茨博物馆这里的几乎所有的建筑都是原汁原味的木头建成的,古朴而醇厚。沿着建筑群一直往里走,你会发现,你已经来到了安加拉河的岸边,这里高低起伏,美丽异常。塔利茨代表贝加尔湖旁边几个民族物质和精神文化俄罗斯族,布里亚特族, 埃文基族。

Stop at the observation area opposite the famous Shaman Stone. The Angara is 1779 km long and is the only river flowing out of Lake Baikal. Its source is the widest in the world, it does not freeze during the most severe Siberian winters (width – 863 m , maximum depth – 4.8 m, speed – 5.1 km/h). In the middle of the river, at its head, rises a rock cliff 1.5 m high  (Shaman-Stone) protected by the state as a natural relic mentioned in the legends of old times.

A beautiful legend well-known in Siberia has it that Baikal the Old wanted to marry his beautiful daughter to a young warrior named Irkut (one of the Angara tributaries). But Angara fell in love with another knight, Yenisey, and ran away to join him. The furious father cast the huge Shaman Cliff after her. East Siberia’s largest hibernation place of water fowl is to be found at the source of the Angara River. And of course there live beautiful and loud white sea gulls without which it is hard to imagine Lake Baikal and its shores.

Visit to the Baikal Museum. The museum was established in 1928 when the Baikal Limnological Station opened in the village of Listvyanka (since 1961 – the Limnological Institute). Every year the Baikal Museum has more than 30,000 visitors. The unique exhibits tell about the origin and the history of the lake, its flora and fauna, geological structure, climate and tectonics of Prebaikalye.

访问贝加尔湖博物馆。博物馆成立日期1928年。从1961年动物研究所搬到利斯特维扬卡镇。每年过来这里旅游客人超过3万。独特陈列品解释旅客贝加尔湖历史, 动物群和植物群,地质构造,贝加尔湖边区气候与地质构造.

You will see: collection of minerals;  exhibits found in scientific expeditions, models of the lake bed showing its history, the peculiarities of its shoreline and bottom. And also Baikal fish (omul, golomyanka, kharius, sturgeon, taimen, pike); Microorganisms inhabiting Baikal waters and destroying everything that might pollute the lake.

贵宾客人欢迎看到:矿物收藏, 发现科学考察队实物, 在科学考察中发现的展品, 湖模型显示其历史, 其湖岸线和底部的特殊性。另外贝加尔湖动物贝加尔茴鱼,加尔白鲑哲罗鲑, 鲟鱼, 梭子鱼。栖息在贝加尔湖水里的微生物,并摧毁能污染湖泊的一切。徒步游览通过Krestovka农村,访问当地圣尼古拉教堂。

Walking tour of Krestovka village with a visit to St. Nicholas’ Church. Legend has it that Russian merchant Serebriakov was caught in a storm out on the lake and prayed to St. Nicholas (Protector of Navigators) for help. His prayers were answered and on his safe return he began to build a church to thank the saint (in 1846). Unfinished when he died, the church was completed by the merchant’s wife. Located in Listvyanka village, the residents attend service held in the church. In the 1950-s the building was restored and many icons from other churches of Irkutsk were brought there among which are some rare items dating back to the 18th century.

Visit to the local fish & souvenir market. At the local market you can also buy souvenirs made by local Siberian masters, and also taste smoked fish from Baikal: omul, whitefish.

访问当地市场可买鱼与纪念品。当地市场有当地西伯利亚能手人制造今年品,烤鱼贝加尔湖贝加尔白鲑,贝加尔白鱼。

Transfer to Irkutsk, accommodation at the hotel.

Meals: lunch at a local restaurant in Listvyanka. Dinner at your own expense – our guide will recommend you the restaurants.

转到伊尔库茨克,送到酒店。

餐饭:利斯特维扬卡(Listvyanka)当地餐厅。

Day 2: Small sea 天儿:小海

After the breakfast we will go to the central part of Baikal – so called Maloe More (The Strait of Small Sea), located 250 km from Irkutsk. The small sea is a part of Lake Baikal separated by its largest island Olkhon. It is 72 km length and from 4 to 17 km width. This is one of the richest fish parts of Baikal, and one of the warmest parts.  The nature is very picturesque here. After arriving to Maloe more you will be accommodated in wooden houses with toilet and shower.

Walking tour along the shore of the lake and small tracking to OBO (the sacred shamanic place of locals).

Meals:  Full board (breakfast, lunch, dinner) during your stay is included.

我们旅游前往Maloye海(小海)。从伊尔库茨克到此地250公里距离。被奥利洪岛隔壁此有名地方在呗加尔胡。温暖的小溪和海湾,古老的岩石和沙滩其地作为独特的动物群,创造文明出外的行路,带来难忘的回忆。旅行营地的住宿(厕所和淋浴在外面)

休息后您将被邀请参加Maloye海沿岸的徒步旅行。

Day 3 – Day 6:

天3-6

两个大车游览(UAZ/俄罗斯吉普车)按照行程注明程序包含游览。

整天游览在奥利洪岛也包含。整天被导游配游览到岛北部-Khoboy岬角。此角位置属于湖最宽地放。此地萨满(巫教逆祀)仪式举行。贝加尔海豹经常能这里被见到。您可看到岩石名称同样Khoboy,Khoboy布里亚特语言表达“闸门”,此岩石形状像女士体形胸部轮廓。某些人传说是人造岩石。向导会讲有意思故事关于此岩石。

Two bus excursions (UAZ/Russian Jeep) according to the schedule of tours are included.

AND

The whole day tour to Olkhon Island is also included. Whole-day guided group  tour to the northern point of the Island – Khoboy Cape.

The cape is located at the place, where the lake is widest. There is a ground, where all-Olkhon shaman festivities (“tailagans”) were conducted. Nerpa, the unique Baikal seal, can often be seen here.

Here you will also find the rock, bearing the same name, Khoboy, which means “claw” in the Buryat language, though the shape of the rock resembles rather a woman’s silhouette with a bust. No wonder they also call it a Maiden-Rock. Your guide will tell you a marvelous related  legend.

往前北部的路子驾驶吉普车旅行通过森林,沙地,草原此路没有硬面。下雨时路子变成更差,所以原则运输用具使用UAZ吉普车(越野车)。

The road towards the northern tip of the island will be like riding a jeep-safari since it runs through woods, sandy fields and steppes without any hard surface. The road gets much worse after the rain, that’s why the principle transportation implies the use of the UAZ all-roaders.

Olkhon is the biggest Island at Lake Baikal. It is situated right in the middle of the lake.

The word Olkhon means “sunny place” in Buryat language.

It was said that Baikal is the heart of Siberia, and Olkhon is the heart of Baikal. It is a geographical, historical and sacral center of the lake. 

During this tour you will see the Shamanka Rock, also known as Burkhan Cape. The rock is the subject of numerous fables and legends. It is here that the shamans of all the areas surrounding Baikal and even shamans from Mongolia were conducting their tailagan meetings. Later, after Buddhism was introduced to the area, the rock became a place for religious rites of the Buddhists inhabiting both shores of the lake.

乘车前往奥利洪岛。午餐。贝加尔湖的22个道中,奥利洪岛最大,长约71公里, 宽处有15公里,面积约为730平方公里。如果说贝加尔湖是西伯利亚的明珠,奥利洪岛就是这颗明珠的心脏。以后入住酒店进晚餐。

早餐后前往奥利洪岛最北端的-合波角。奥利洪岛位置在贝加尔湖中心部位区,几乎超出了它的最深处(1637米),形状与湖面相似,奥利洪岛独特的多样化景观,典型的贝加尔湖岸。

该岛被认为是6-10世纪突厥 – 西伯利亚文化的中心,因为这里发现了许多考古文物,包括庇护所。

奥尔洪是湖泊的地理,历史和精神中心。 很多布里亚特的传说和故事都致力于那里的生活; 令人敬畏的贝加尔湖神话据说精神居住在此岛上。在20世纪末,布里亚特巫师认为奥尔洪是“蒙古和中亚文化的主要避难所以及布里亚特人的祖籍家园”。

“马头”海(湖)岬角,象某匹马把头放进去湖里喝水。

下一步您被建议徒步旅行往前布尔汗海(湖)岬此地有其他名沙曼卡岩石。此地属于9个亚洲避难所之一。沙曼卡石头深受人们的尊敬。从第一萨满出现此地做为誓言和牺牲的地方。沙曼卡洞穴是岛上的主人。萨满(巫教逆祀)仪式在包尔汉洞穴的通道中举行。布里亚特民族喇嘛教被信仰后此地有佛像。

It is the locals’ sacred belief that the spirit of Baikal dwells in this rock. Buryats’ beliefs prohibit people even to approach the rock, especially girls. In the earlier times horse riders would wrap the horse’s hoofs in cloth long before they reached the rock and would dismantle and lead the horse by the bridle in order to show respect for the Baikal’s spirit and not to disturb him.

贝加尔湖的精神居住在这块岩石中,这是当地人的神圣信仰。布里亚特的信仰禁止人们靠近岩石,特别小姑娘。古代时候骑马人达到此地附近把马脚穿棉布,同时会下马牵着马走为了表现对贝加尔精神的尊重而不是打扰他。

The Shamanka Rock is one of the 9 sacred places of Asia, which used to be called “stone-temple”. It is considered to be the dwelling of the main of the 13 Sky Dwellers – Khan Khute-Baabai, who has descended onto Earth to master humans’ lives. At the foot of the rock a strange carving and an inscription in Sanskrit was preserved.

Next to the rock, there is the Youthfulness Gulf, having dived into which, according to the local beliefs, you will become younger in body and soul.

沙曼卡岩石旁边是Youthfulness Gulf青春海湾),根据当地民族的信仰您身体与精神来变成更年轻。

Further  the road runs through terrain boundary Peschanoe (20 km north of Huzhir settlement), which is famous for its attractive sandy dunes. Constant winds, blowing from the lake transport sand from the beach to form sand deposits which cover the area of 3 sq.km in the shape of sand hills, beds and dunes.

下一个地点道路会通过地形边界Peschanoe(Huzhir村点以北20公里),

从湖中吹来的恒定风从海滩运送沙子形成沙子沉积物.占地3平方公里,面积为丘与丘陵。到底您会抵达 Khoboy 岬角。
欢迎欢迎试一下俄罗斯传统鱼汤(俄语说’乌哈“)与试一下不同当地鱼。
喝汤后开始往回酒店。
自由时间您就会休息湖滩躺着或者您可以跟会说中文导一起散步。
 
 

And at last here we are – Khoboy Cape.

哈伯伊角(Cape Khoboy)是位于奥尔洪岛的最北面的一座壮观的岩石,哈伯伊角(”哈伯伊”在布里亚特语中意为:犬齿、磨齿)。这块岩石像利齿一样插入湖中,而从海上望去,它的轮廓又像一张女人的脸,就像是固定在古希腊战船船头上的女性雕塑。当地人称它为处女石。

After we have tried delicious fish soup (“ukha” in Russian) and some fish, we will start our way back to the hotel.

In free time you can just have a rest on the sandy beach or take other excursions with English-speaking guide (extra charge on spot, in Russian Rubles):

Ogoi Island. The Buddhist stupa of  enlightenment was established on the island of Ogoi in 2005. Ogoi is situated in the middle of Maloye more (The small sea) and from the air it looks like the dancing goddess. The stupa is on the top of the island (512m) on the height of 50 m above  Baikal level. Volunteers from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, Yekaterinburg, Irkutsk, New York, London, Lisbon took part in the building of the stupa. Buddhists believe the more often you go around the sacred places (like stupa, Buddhist hills, sacred mountains) the more the possibility the made up wishes would come true.  They also believe that if you go around the stupa 108 times is guarantees the cleansing of a sin. Our guide will tell you the details and peculiarities of visiting the stupa.

奥戈伊岛(Ogoi岛)佛教浮图于2005年在此岛建立。奥戈伊岛位置在 Maloye more(小海)中间从天上来看起来像跳舞的女神。佛教浮图在岛的顶部(512m)高度超过贝加尔湖50M。莫斯科,圣彼得堡,明斯克, 叶卡捷琳堡,伊尔库茨克,纽约,伦敦,志愿者参加建成佛教浮图。

Meals: breakfast, dinner

餐食:早餐,午餐

Day 7: 天七

Breakfast. 早餐
Free time. 自由时间/空闲时间
Lunch. Transfer to Irkutsk. 午餐。转让往伊尔库茨克。


The tour price includes:

Double accommodation according to the program;
Meals according to the program (if not specified as at own expense);
Charge for visiting the Pribaikalskiy national park;
All the transfers along the route;
Museum and excursion fares according to the program;
• Guide service during the whole tour
.

此游览报价包含:

住宿按照行程

餐:按照旅游行程(若没注明就自费)

所有转移按照行程

参观按照游览行程贝加尔湖国家公园门票

接送服务按照行程

参观按照游览行程与博物馆门票

游览行程时候会中文向导

The tour price does not include:

Plane or train charges to Irkutsk from departure as well as plane or train charges to the next destination upon the program’s completion;
Meals, if specified as independently and at own expense by the program;
Dishes and drinks not included into the main menu according to the program;
Additional services listed in the program but specified as at additional charge or not listed in the program;
Insurance.

游览行程报价不包含:

飞机票与火车票往伊尔库茨克,以及飞机或火车的费用行程完成后到下一个目的地

行程没注明的餐食

菜肴和饮料根据行程未包含在程序菜单中

有注明附加费或者行程没有注明服务与其他附加服务

更高级别的住宿/单人住宿的费用。

保险费用

Please note: The order of excursions order can be changed.

请注意:游览顺序可能改变。

你的行程的地图

OTHER PROGRAMS

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