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沙皇村与巴甫洛夫斯克

While Peterhof may be the most elegant of the Imperial Palaces around St.Petersburg, Tsarskoe Selo is undoubtedly the richest and most variative in terms of architecture and historical interest. The full exploration of the two palaces and the ample parkland would require an entire day.

俄罗斯历史名城。在圣彼得堡南24公里处。人口9.1万 (1985)。建于1708年,1808年设市。1917年前为历代沙皇的离宫。沙皇村公园有十八至十九世纪的壮丽建筑群。1811年设高等政治学校,普希金曾在此学习。图为普希金市凯瑟琳宫的金门。

The center of Tsarskoye Selo is Catherine’s Palace, containing exquisite decorative objects, furniture, Russian and Western-European paintings, unique collections of porcelain, amber, arms and decorative bronze sculptures.
The Palace also contains the Amber Room – a truly unique work of craftsmanship – a room made entirely of amber. The room was looted by the Nazi’s during WWII but luckily most of its pieces were recovered. The room was fully rebuilt in 2003. Tsarskoye Selo was also the main residence of the last Tsar Nicolas II and his family.

叶卡捷林娜宫又称沙皇村,是叶卡捷琳二世女皇修建的。宫殿的格局则是建筑精巧淫靡,色彩清新柔和,弥漫着女性的柔美、娇媚的风韵。可以说园中到处是诗,到处是画,无处不飘动着令人心醉的旋律,无处不弥漫着花草的芬芳。它于1990年被列入联合国世界遗产名录.

琥珀屋本身就是个传奇。它是1716年由普鲁士国王威廉一世送给俄罗斯彼得大帝的礼物,墙面镶嵌有6吨多的琥珀和名贵珠宝,闪耀着从柠檬黄到金红色,人类可以想象的黄色系中一切的色彩,辉煌得令人窒息,被列为世界第八大奇迹。建成后光彩夺目、富丽堂皇。

Pavlovsk is a cozy place with the palace and one of the most beautiful landscape parks in the world, where you can feel all over “women’s hand” of Empress Maria Feodorovna. From the end of the XVIII – beginning of the XIX century, in the creation of which prominent architects Ch. Cameron, V. Brenna, J. Quarenghi, A. Voronikhin, K. Rossi took part; sculptors I. Prokofiev, M. Kozlovsky, I. Martos, V. Demut-Malinovsky. The Grand Palace, built in the spirit of Russian classicism by the architect C. Cameron in the eighties of the 18th century. In 1796 Pavlovsk became the summer residence of Emperor Paul I and his family. In the halls of the palace there are unique collections of paintings, sculptures, bronzes, porcelain, furniture, received as diplomatic gifts from the royal courts of Europe. From the interiors of the palace a special place is occupied by the Great (Throne) Hall, the Italian and Greek Halls, the Picture Gallery.

 

 

 

 

巴甫洛夫斯克(俄语:Павловск,英语:Pavlovsk),城市名。位于俄罗斯沃罗涅日州中部,州府沃罗涅日以南234公里的顿河左岸。人口26,365(2002年)。巴甫洛夫斯克皇宫与公园成为世界最完美风景之一。巴甫洛夫斯克里保罗(皇帝)与他的一家人夏天时住了。皇宫里保存独特画集锦,雕塑品收藏,青铜器,瓷器,家具等不同艺术产品此欧洲皇家配送得礼物。

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