cn

谢尔盖圣三一修道院游览

The Trinity Lavra of St. Sergius is a functioning male monastery, the spiritual center of the Russian Orthodox Church. The monastery complex consists of 45 buildings and monuments. The main gate of the monastery – the Saint Gate with the Church of John the Baptist. Behind them is the largest building – the main Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady. To the northwest of the cathedral adjoins the small Godunov shrine. It contains the remains of Tsar Boris, his wife Maria, son of Feodor and daughter Xenia. Since the 17th century there the Russian metropolitans were also buried there. Next to the Cathedral is the church, dedicated to the Descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles. The interior paintings of the Trinity Cathedral were made by Andrei Rublev and Daniil Cherny. In the 17th century due to the poor condition of the frescoes they were replaced by new ones. The iconostasis, consisting of 40 icons by Rublev of the 15th century, survived. The famous icon “Trinity” in 1930 was placed in the Tretyakov Gallery and replaced by a copy. Near the Holy Trinity Cathedral in the Mitropolit Chambers are the chambers of the patriarch. 

During the tour to the Trinity Sergius Lavra, you’ll learn about Saint Sergius and the grounding of the legendary monastery, its difficult history, hardships and miraculous events and about how the ensemble of the monastery has gradually formed from the first stone Trinity Cathedral of the 15th century, which stores the relics of St. Sergius, acquired during its construction, to the highest Russian belfry of the 18th century. Its height is 88.5 meters. You will also see the Holy Spirit Church – the example of Pskov architecture of the 15th century, the covered with multicolored paintings Refectory Church, in which unique chamber took place the Local and Archiereus Councils of the Russian Orthodox Church, as well as the Metropolit chambers and the healing source. You will visit the majestic Cathedral of the Assumption, which, according to the legend, had been painted by the team of craftsmen for 100 days. You can also treat yourself to the tasty bread, baked in the monastery and its famous kvass. 

谢尔盖三圣大修道院是俄罗斯著名最古老的大修道院之一,亦译特罗伊察修道院。1337年一个名叫谢尔盖·拉多涅日斯基的僧侣在莫斯科近郊谢尔盖耶夫(即今扎戈尔斯克)的偏僻森林里建立一座三圣小教堂和小道房,为该修道院的前身。后来凡愿在此出家的人,必须自造小道房并自辟膳食用地,由此发展而成为东北罗斯最富有的大修道院。1744年获大修道院称号,是东北罗斯古典建筑群的代表。修道院石墙高达15米,成为莫斯科北方重要防御据点。它拥有几个世纪以来、历经各个朝代改建和扩建的各种形式的教堂和附属建筑群。包括三圣教堂、杜霍夫斯基降灵教堂、圣母升天教堂,教皇宫殿斯摩棱斯克教堂(1748年),以及斋房、钟楼、慈善医院等。其中最著名的三圣教堂建于1423-1442年,是俄罗斯早期白石建筑艺术典范。在这里可以看到以画《三位一体》而出名的俄罗斯画家安德烈·鲁布廖夫的壁画作品等。他的作品《三位一体》本在此教堂收藏,现在收藏于莫斯科的特列季亚科夫画廊。三圣大教堂的旁边,是建于1477年的杜霍夫斯基教堂。教堂建筑奇特,由上下两层构成,下层是钟楼,上屋是观景台。建于1682-1692年的白石砖砌斋房大厅,富丽堂皇,是举行隆重宴会的场所。建于1741-1769年的五层钟楼,高达88米,内有挂钟42口,是修道院建筑整体中最宝贵的部分,也是俄罗斯最美丽的建筑物之一。位于大修道院中央的圣母安息大教堂是在伊凡四世(雷帝)于1585年命令下修建的。在4个洋葱头型的蓝色圆顶中央,有一个金色的大圆顶。是仿莫斯科克里姆林宫的圣母安息大教堂而建的。教堂内有l7世纪的壁画。 1920年,大修道院被列为国家历史博物馆保护区,存有12-19世纪的应用工艺品和18世纪的俄罗斯绘画,还藏有各种民间艺术品,如木、石、骨雕、壁画、纸彩画、刺绣等。这里的圣水可是很有名的,每逢复活节、圣诞节等重大宗教节日,这里都有一番热闹景象。谢尔盖三圣大修道院内设有莫斯科宗教大学和神学院。在这里经常能遇到身穿黑袍的年轻的修士和修女。除了欣赏有名修道院另外贵宾可可试一试俄罗斯传统道院里烤面包与克瓦斯。

EXCURSION地图

更多游览

WhatsApp WhatsApp us