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谢尔盖耶夫镇与苏兹达里

This Golden Ring tour covers 2 ancient Russian towns. You will learn about the towns’ history, traditions, architecture and the people who lived and worked there. Although this is only a small section of the Golden Ring, it is probably the most beautiful part. Suzdal is full of old churches, wooden houses and the sounds of bird songs and the ringing of church bells. Sergiev Posad dates back to the XIV century and is one of the oldest and most important towns along the Golden Ring.

此金环游览包括2个古城市。贵宾客人认出古城历史,传统风俗习惯,建筑术,故人们生活描写。此游览算金环一小部分但是最漂亮部位。苏兹达里许多老教堂,木头房子,鸟晓音,教堂钟响声。谢尔盖耶夫镇15世纪代古城。

At 8.00 AM, our driver and representative will pick you up to depart for Sergiev Posad by car or mini-van.

早上8点钟司机接贵宾客从莫斯科出发往前谢尔盖耶夫镇。

It is located in about 2 hours from Moscow by car. Arrival in Sergiev Posad. Considered by some to be the Russian Vatican, Sergiev Posad is the temporary residence of the Patriarch of the Russian Orthodox Church. Our tour starts with the Trinity St. Sergius Monastery (Lavra), built in the first half of the 1340s by the son of Rostov Boyar, Sergius of Radonezh, who remains one the most venerated saints in Russia. The monastery includes more than fifty edifices constructed by Moscow, Pskov and Yaroslavl craftsmen. In 1993 it was entered into the UNESCO World Heritage list. The History and Art museum within the walls of the monastery contains a rich collection of old Russian paintings and various works of art dating from the 14th thru 17th centuries. The collection includes over 120,000 items: ancient icons, medieval manuscripts and old printed books, icon and ornamental embroideries, church utensils, articles of gold and silver, paintings, engravings, folk and contemporary art. Sergiev Posad is also famous for being home to the world’s first matryoshka doll.

谢尔盖三圣大修道院是俄罗斯著名最古老的大修道院之一,亦译特罗伊察修道院。1337年一个名叫谢尔盖·拉多涅日斯基的僧侣在莫斯科近郊谢尔盖耶夫(即今扎戈尔斯克)的偏僻森林里建立一座三圣小教堂和小道房,为该修道院的前身。后来凡愿在此出家的人,必须自造小道房并自辟膳食用地,由此发展而成为俄罗斯最富有的大修道院之一;游览三圣教堂

Lunch at the local restaurant (included).

当地餐厅午餐(包含)。

After lunch you will be taken to the town of Suzdal, often called the Russian Mecca. Suzdal is amazingly tranquil and beautiful with its numerous churches, wooden houses, bird songs and the ringing of bells throughout the day.

Suzdal dates back to 1024. In its early history it was the capital of several principalities and later on became an important religious center. The town is full of churches and at one point in its history had 40 churches for approximately 400 families. Today the town only has a population of around 10,000 and has retained its country village feel with many of the roads remaining unpaved and livestock roaming the streets. The atmosphere is extremely pleasant due to its rustic, country feel combined with its medieval monuments. In short, Suzdal is an extremely special place and we are sure that you will enjoy your time there.

 

她曾经是苏兹达里大公国的首都所在,直到12世纪,才迁都到金环上的另一个城市——弗拉基米尔。13世纪由于鞑靼人入侵,城市遭到严重破坏。16世纪基辅落入立陶宛人之手后,这里又一度成为俄罗斯东正教的首府。

苏兹达里位于莫斯科东北方约220公里处,距离弗拉基米尔约30公里,城市人口1万人左右。整个城市建在波克隆那亚山丘上。自1024年已有记载,比莫斯科还早100多年。7世纪上半叶苏兹达里已成为罗斯托夫-苏兹达里公国中最繁华的城市。这个曾经辉煌一时的古城镇,面积则只有9平方公里。城内处处有盎然绿意和潺潺流水,晶莹剔透的像是个不问尘事的化外之地一般。这是一座历史博物馆城市,多名胜古迹,被列为世界遗产。此城的街道是世上罕见的,值得慢慢观赏。苏兹达里城内拥有50多座教堂、5座修道院给400个家庭服务。

A sightseeing tour will take you to the oldest part of the Kremlin, the heart of Suzdal. Specialists believe the Kremlin dates back to the X century and first appeared in the chronicles in 1024. On its territory you will admire the Cathedral of the Nativity, dating back to the beginning of the XIII century, the largest relic of which is the Golden Gates. The next stop will be to the Archbishops´ Chambers, a large architectural masterpiece that took several centuries to be built. It houses a unique collection of historical and archaeological objects, including the Cross-Vaulted Chamber.

基督诞生大教堂
建于1222-1225年的基督诞生大教堂是城中几十座教堂是最古老的,它的蔚蓝色圆顶已成为苏兹达里的标志。造型奇异的钟楼里飘出悦耳的钟声。教堂巨大的“金门”是古俄罗斯实用艺术最杰出的创作,用金箔包贴在铜版上制成,铜版上铸有古老的绘画图案,带有哲理性和生活气息。教堂的绘画展厅里,陈列着苏兹达里各教堂集中到这里的几十幅圣像,每一幅圣像都以超凡的神态、流畅的线条、鲜明的色彩向游人展示画匠精湛的艺术。15世纪是俄罗斯油画艺术的辉煌时代,圣像绘画是独具特色的画种之一。
克里姆林宫
苏兹达里也有她的克里姆林,不过和莫斯科相比,这里的规范就显得小而老旧多了。整个克里姆林位在高耸的山丘上,一旁有石头河蜿蜒流过,地势颇为显要。宫内著名的基督诞生大教堂就是13世纪的建筑,5个蓝色洋葱形巨顶,顶面有无数金星,堂身为奶白色,配上高耸的钟楼,造型十分调和。克宫内有主教厅,为当时宗教领袖的办公地,另有数个教堂,因建筑的时期不同,形式大有区别。
 
木造建筑博物馆
苏兹达里值得一看的,就是1968年所建的木造建筑博物馆。整个博物馆是露天的,有冬天教堂、夏天教堂,还有民宅及商店,一旁还有传统水井、水车、以及磨面粉用的风车,就像是几百年前的俄罗斯小镇重现眼前一样。由于东北部气候寒冷,一般城市一定有两个教堂,一个是冬天教堂、一个夏天教堂,差别在于冬天教堂可以生火取暖。在古俄罗斯,木匠技术十分高超,整栋建筑上常常不用一根钉子盖成,木头的深色色泽,也给人一种古老的感受。尤希米乌救世主修道院。
 

After this you will proceed either to the Spaso-Yevfimievsky Monastery of Our Savior or the open-air Museum of Wooden Architecture. This museim recreates the life and traditions of the people of Suzdal in the XVIII-XIX century. The ensemble includes churches, log houses and other structures.

叶夫菲米救主修道院

叶夫菲米救主修道院为俄罗斯苏兹达里市的男修道院。1352年由苏兹达里下诺夫哥罗德大公鲍利斯·康斯坦丁诺维奇和修道士叶夫菲米建立。1766-1905年成为囚禁教会犯和政治犯的监狱,十月革命后废除。是16-17世纪建筑古迹,曾作博物馆之用,近年已归还教会。
圣母修道院
圣母修道院为俄罗斯苏兹达里的女修道院。苏兹达里大公安德烈·康斯坦丁诺维奇于1364年修建。曾是囚禁俄国皇后的地方,1526年起所罗门尼亚·尤里耶夫娜被囚于此,1727年起叶夫多基娅·费多罗夫娜被囚于此。十月革命后修道院被取缔,内设博物馆,近年已归还教会。

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