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亚历山大·涅夫斯基修道院

The Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky Lavra fuctions as an orthodox monastery, where the relics of St. Alexander Nevsky are kept. Here many members of the Royal Family, statesmen, clergymen and outstanding commanders were buried. 

The museum of City Sculpture was founded in 1939 with the purpose of calculation, protection and restoration of the outstanding monuments, monumental and decorative art structures and tombstones. Under the protection of the museum there are more than 400 city monuments and 1500 commemorative plaques.

亚历山大·涅夫斯基修道院是彼得大帝下令建造的修道院。当时,彼得大帝决定在1240年诺夫哥罗德大公(亚 历山大·雅罗斯拉维奇)在涅瓦河畔与瑞典交战的地方建造圣彼得堡。在建造新城的同时,他建造了这个修道院,以求得神的保护。

修道院的周围有4个18~19世纪的墓地。在圣彼得堡留下了很多建筑的建筑师沃罗尼欣、扎哈罗夫、果兹罗夫斯基、罗西,科学家罗蒙诺索夫等的墓地都在这。入口右侧的是季赫温墓地,陀思妥耶夫斯基茹科夫斯基卡拉姆津等文学家和作曲家柴可夫斯基、穆索尔斯基等都葬在这儿。亚历山大·瓦西里耶维奇·苏沃洛夫之墓,也位于此。

They represent some kind of a pantheon of prominent figures of the national history and culture. Here the relatives of Peter I, B.P. Sheremetev, I.A. Hannibal, M.V. Lomonosov, A.V.Suvorov, D.I. Fonvizin, N.M. Karamzin, I.A .Krylov, I. E. Starov, A.N. Vorohin, A. D.Zaharov, K.I. Rossi, J.F. Thomas de Thomon, F.I. Shubin, M.I. Kozlovsky, I.P. Martos, V.I. Demuth-Malinovsky, S.S. Pimenov, B. I. Orlovsky, P.K. Klodt, V.L. Borovikovskii, M.I. Glinka,M.P. Mussorgsky, P.I. Tchaikovsky, N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov, A.A. Ivanov, P.A. Fedotov, A.I. Kuindzhi, B. M. Kustodiev, F. M. Dostoyevsky, M.I. Petipa, P. A. Strepetova, V. F. Komissarzhevskay and many others were buried. The gravestones of the necropolis, made by the prominent architects and sculptors are of great artistic value.

亚历山大·涅夫斯基修道院中心是特罗伊察教堂,另外此地包含:圣三一大教堂,圣母领报教堂等。

On the territory of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in the museum are included:

  • Church of the Annunciation (1724-1725)
  • Church of Saint Lazarus (1717, 1787 – 1789.)
  • Necropolis of the 18th century (Lasarevskoye Cemetery);
  • Necropolis of the Masters of Arts (Tikhvin Cemetery). The admission is free for all pilgrims and tourists all the time. On the territory of Lavra operate the Museum of City Sculpture – the Necropolis of the 18th century and the Necropolis of the Masters of Arts (the Memorial Park).The guided tour with an Orthodox guide includes visiting the monastery, the central Holy Trinity Cathedral and other churches, the cemetery. You will learn about the history and the significance of the monastery in the life of the city and of Russia, about the revered saints and miracle-working icons, its ascetics and abbots and the current state of the monastery. For the foreigners the tour is conducted in English.Necropolis of the 18th century and the Necropolis of the Masters of Art are open daily: 10:00 to 17:30, ticket office is open until 17:00.

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