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彼得宫城

Peterhof (Petrodvorets) is a jewel of Russian art – a town of parks, palaces and fountains. In the past, it was used as an exquisite summer residence by the Russian Tsars. You will visit the Grand Palace – the largest and the most famous palace of the residence which was often used for gala receptions. After this you will proceed to the Lower Park (Nizhny Park) which is a genuine masterpiece of landscape design.

The park is adorned with more than 150 fountains and 4 monumental cascades. There are several small palaces and pavilions on the park territory, such as the Monplaisir, Catherine´s Block, Marli, Hermitage, the Bath Block and many more. If you are ready to walk a lot you will also enjoy a magnificent view of the Gulf of Finland.

Peterhof (Petrodvorets) – is one of the most beautiful series of palaces and parks of St. Petersburg. Its construction began in 1714. As conceived by Peter I Peterhof, on the one hand, had to be equal in splendor to the most famous royal residences in Europe and on the other hand – to become a triumphal monument to the successful completion of the Great Northern War and the  Russia’s access to the Baltic Sea. 

1944年前称“彼得高夫”。在俄罗斯西北部芬兰湾南岸,圣彼得堡西29公里。人口7.7万。1709年建为彼得一世的离宫,称为彼得宫。有十八至十九世纪建造的宫殿、公园(占地800公顷以上)、喷泉、大瀑布和塑像等。十月革命后,改为博物馆。第二次世界大战中遭破坏,战后修复。

The brilliant palace and park ensemble of Peterhof, conceived and created at the will of Peter the Great as a counterpart of Versailles, is situated on the southern shore of the Gulf of Finland, 29 kilometres from St. Petersburg. In the course of 200 years, it served as a summer residence of the Russian monarchs. In the 18th and 19th centuries it was a setting for majestic receptions, grand festivities, balls, concerts and masquerades. The Peterhof ensemble includes the Upper and Lower Parks with 150 fountains spurting upwards powerful jets of water and foir resplendent cascades. The Peterhof system of water supply is unequalled as concerns the time of its operation. At the edge of the 16-metre high natural terrace soars the Great Palace – the focal centre of the ensemble designed by Rastrelli. The rich display of the palace acquaints its visitors with magnificent state rooms and halls and the living apartments of the Russian Emperors. At the foot of the palace you can see a pageant of the Great Cascade with silvery fountain jets and numerous golden sculptures, including the famous Samson Fountain. Water falling down the cascade runs to the Gulf of Finland.

彼得宫(Summer Palace Of Peter)又称夏宫,曾经是彼得大帝的避暑行宫。这里宽阔的草坪、花园、拥有相当多的喷泉与镀金雕像,是夏宫花园的最大特色。150个喷泉的2000多个喷柱,不停地向蓝天喷放出水柱,形成瀑布和千姿百态的造型,令人目不暇接,还有幽静、高大的森林,更使人流连忘返。由于建筑豪华壮丽,夏宫被人们誉为“俄罗斯的凡尔赛宫”,成为世界各地游客来圣彼得堡的必游之地。

Peterhof (in Dutch means “the courtyard of Peter”) can be called “Peter’s creation”. To the present day the handwritten drawings of the emperor, the sketches with his notes and corrections, and other documents survived,  confirming that Peter I not only worked out the general plan of Peterhof ensemble, but also developed the smaller components of the architectural structures and fountains. The works on the creation of the new residence were carried out with an amazing rapidity, and in August 1723 its grand opening took place. By that time, the Lower Gardens were laid out, the Sea Canal was dug, some fountains were at work, the small palaces “Monplaisir” and “Marley” were built and on the natural 16 m tall ledge the Grand Palace (the “Upper Chambers”) was constructed.

建造这座宫殿,集中了当时法国、意大利为代表的全世界优秀建筑师、工匠。彼得大帝也亲自积极地参加到工程筹划之中,并做了一些指示。今天保留下来的由他亲自设计的规划图纸等达十几幅之多。

In the middle of the 18th century, the Grand Palace was rebuilt in the Baroque style by Bartolomeo Francesco Rastrelli. The palace is surrounded by the Upper Regular Garden and the Lower Park where one of the largest fountains of the world – the Grand Cascade works. The compositional center of the Cascade is the fountain “Samson” with the statue of the biblical Samson tearing the lion’s mouth. This fountain became the symbol of the Russian victory over the Swedes: lion was part of the coat of arms of Sweden, and Peter was often compared to Samson. This is the highest Peterhof fountain which sprays water 20 m into the air. 

彼得宫坐落于市郊西面的芬兰湾南岸,占地800公顷,是沙皇的夏宫。18世纪初,俄国沙皇彼得大帝下令兴建夏宫,其外貌简朴庄重,内部装饰华贵。当时的许多大型舞会、宫廷庆典等活动都在这里举行,彼得大帝生前每年必来此度夏。夏宫的主要代表性建筑是一座双层楼的宫殿,当年彼得大帝住在一楼,他的妻子叶卡捷琳娜一世住在二楼。1934年以后,夏宫辟为民俗史博物馆。在富丽豪华的花园中,有各种布局巧妙的喷泉和金像,有的喷泉还会戏弄人,若不慎踏中机关,水柱便由四面八方喷来,其乐无穷。彼得宫被誉为“俄罗斯的凡尔赛宫”.

整个夏宫可以分成上半宫殿区和下半园林区,而后者比前者更值得花时间游览,因为彼得大帝为了加强消暑效果,特意在园内装设了大大小小奇趣壮观的喷泉。紧挨着皇宫平台的斜坡上,便有一座巨型喷泉,数不清的水柱从二十多个“铜人”里激射而出,在艳阳下,水花的晶莹和雕像的金光相互辉映,非凡的气势令人看得目瞪口呆。

In general, the palace and park ensemble of Peterhof has 19 palaces – museums, located also in Alexandria, Oranienbaum and Strelna. 
Opening hours: 10:30 to 18:00, closed Mondays, cleanup day – the last Tuesday of the month.

开门时间:10点半至18点

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