Russia is located in the Northern Hemisphere, in the north of Eurasia. It is washed by the waters of the Pacific and Arctic oceans, as well as the Baltic, Black, Azov seas of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caspian Sea. Its coastline is the longest in the world (37,653 km). The Ural Mountains and Kuma-Manychskaya depression divide Russia into the European and Asian parts, the latter includes the North Caucasus, Siberia and the Russian Far East
70% of the land is occupied by plains and lowlands, the largest of which are the East European Plain and the West Siberian Plain. Mountains are located mainly in the south and east: the northern ranges of the Greater Caucasus (the highest peak of the mountain range, as well as of all Russia is Mount Elbrus, 5642 m), the Altai, the Western and Eastern Sayan, Stanovoe Highland and, of course, the Ural Mountains. Kamchatka Peninsula is where the highest volcano in Eurasia, Kluchevskaya Sopka (4750 m) is located. The Kuril Islands in the Far East are also covered with volcanoes.
Russia is rich in lakes and rivers. Thanks to the largest freshwater lake Baikal (31 700 sq. m.), the country is considered to possess one of the largest fresh water reserves. In total, surface waters occupy 12.4% of the territory of Russia.
Over 40% of the Russian territory is covered by forests, including half of world’s coniferous forests. The flora includes about 25,000 species of plants, over 1,300 species of vertebrates, representing 20.7% of the global diversity. It is home to such rare animals at the moment, as the snow leopard, peregrine falcon, black stork, owl, Altai mountain sheep, golden eagle, Siberian tiger, bustard, black bear, moor frog, grouse, polar bear, bowhead whale, humpback whale, bison, Ladoga ringed seal and many others.
Russian natural attractions: the unique Baikal lake, Volga – the longest river in Europe, Elbrus – the highest peak in Europe, Kluchevskaya Sopka – one of the highest active volcanoes in the world, Karelia lakes, Kamchatka’s volcanoes and geysers, and others can be rightly called unique natural objects.